Other Publications

Online articles

Daily Coffee News article Jennifer Ferreira Sustainability.png

Ferreira, J. (2018) 'More Than Cups: Considering Sustainability in the Coffee Shop Industry'  Daily coffee News 19/07/2018. Available at: https://dailycoffeenews.com/2018/07/19/more-than-cups-considering-sustainability-in-the-coffee-shop-industry/

The global growth of the coffee shop industry has inevitably led to a growth in consumption of energy and resources, from the electricity needed to switch on the lights to the coffee itself. It also correlates to a rise in the amount of waste produced, including packaging and coffee grounds. ...


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Ferreira, J. (2018) 'Has Britain reached peak coffee shop?' The Conversation, 30/10/2017.

In many towns and cities across the UK it seems like there are new coffee shops appearing all the time, even in streets where there are a good handful already. This raises a series of questions. At what point will there be too many? And is there any way to support continued growth? ...

Ferreira, J. (2017) ‘Case study research: exploring national variations in the temporary staffing industry‘, SAGE Methods Case,  London: SAGE.


In 2008, I began a PhD project funded by an Economic and Social Research Council studentship which sought to explore the different institutional contexts for the temporary staffing industry. This research sought to examine who were the key actors in the temporary staffing industry in different countries and the impact of wider national settings. This was part of a larger project contributing to the work of the Geographies of Temporary Staffing Unit at The
University of Manchester. The research involved the use of three case studies in the countries, the United Kingdom, Germany, and the Czech Republic in order to conduct a cross-national comparison of the temporary staffing industry within a European context. This methods case provides an overview of the practicalities of carrying out comparative case study research. It documents the different stages of the case study research including document analysis, institutional mapping, and semi-structured interviews. The business-led nature of this research meant that many of the interviewees were considered as “elites,” and so this case will also highlight some of the particular methodological issues involving this type of research participant. Using the experiences from my doctoral research, this case considers the challenges of conducting case study research, but also how research methods can be used in combination to form a clear methodological strategy in your research.

Ferreira, J. (2016) ‘Minutes on the lips, a lifetime onthe tip: the coffee cup waste mountain‘, The Conversation 29/07/2016.

In the UK we have got used to getting “what we want, when we want it”. So began Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall’s latest instalment of his War on Waste. And he continued: “the cost of consuming so much stuff is waste… mountains of it”. Last year witnessed his campaign for supermarkets to reduce food waste, and this year he has turned his attention to lack of recycling of coffee cups and the excessive packaging used by some online retailers....


Ferreira, J. (2015) ‘How the third wave of coffee shops is transforming the high street’. The Conversation 27/07/15.

While most people these days can tell their cappuccinos from their americanos, they may not be quite as familiar with the differences between aeropress, chemex, V-60 and cold-drip coffee. These are all different brewing methods, often found in the independent, speciality coffee shops which are part of a growing phenomenon: the “third wave” of coffee.....



Ferreira, J. (2014) Infographics: An Introduction. DOI: 10.13140/2.1.1267.8409

“If you’ve read a newspaper or blog, flipped through a magazine, or used
social media recently, you’ve likely come across infographics – those selfcontained
pictorials that tell you the gist of the story or concept at a glance”
(Smiciklas, 2012).

The use of infographics and other data visualizations have become increasingly
popular in the mainstream media as well as blogs, personal websites and social
media. They can be a useful mechanism to display information in visual manner.
There are many different ways you can create these images, some of which use
specialist software while others make more creative use of software you may
already frequently use. This introductory guide provides an overview of the
different ways which infographics can be produced, some tips for creating
infographics, as well as a short guide to producing simple infographics using Inkscape and Microsoft Publisher.


Working Papers

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Ferreira, J. (2016) 'The temporary staffing industry in emerging markets: exploring the global regulatory mosaic of temporary agency work', Presented at the ILO Regulating Decent Work Conference, July 2015.


Approaches to the regulation of temporary agency work vary greatly across the world. The form and level of regulation has the potential to shape the development of this industry and employment, and as regulations continue to change over time, this has implications for the development of the temporary staffing industry in different markets. This paper explores the developments in regulation of temporary agency work in the emerging markets of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa; markets in which the temporary staffing industry has had varied levels of growth due different national institutional environments. Through exploring the dynamic regulatory mosaics that have developed in these markets, the discussion seeks to shift the discussion of temporary agency work beyond the mature markets to countries which have comparatively been neglected in research, and consider the future for the frontiers of the temporary staffing industry. 


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Ferreira, J. (2015) 'The Changing Regulatory Mosaic of the Temporary Staffing Industry in Europe'. Presented at the ESRC Seminar - The Regulation of Work and Employment - Towards a Multidisciplinary, Multilevel framework, September 2014).  


The temporary staffing industry (TSI) in Europe has grown substantially since the 1990s to involve over 8.7 million temporary agency workers on a yearly basis. The TSI has emerged from a range of regulatory conditions, and continues to be an influencing factor in shaping its development. The TSI is affected by regulation of temporary agency work, but also regulation of the standard employment relationship. The various forms of regulation, through legislation or policy guidelines, operating at different geographical scales has created a regulatory mosaic. This paper explores the dynamics of the European regulatory environment for temporary agency work revealing the different regulatory pressures that have been placed on the industry and examining how the regulatory landscape has changed. In doing so it highlights the multi-faceted and multi-scalar nature of regulation on the TSI which is comprised of a dynamic mosaic of regulatory conditions for temporary agency work across the continent.







Working Briefs

A series of short documents focusing on different issues in the temporary staffing industry.

  • Ferreira, J. (2013) ‘Temporary Agency Work in Asia’.
  • Ferreira, J. (2013) ‘The Portuguese Temporary Staffing Market’.
  • Ferreira, J. (2013) ‘Temporary Agency Work in the Mediterranean’.
  • Ferreira, J. (2013) ‘The EU Temporary Agency Workers Directive: Implementation in Europe.’
  • Watts, J. (2012) ‘The Financial Crisis in Europe and Temporary Staffing’.
  • Watts, J. (2011) ‘Developments in Latin America: The Temporary Staffing Industry in Brazil’.
  • Watts, J. (2011) ‘The Italian Temporary Staffing Market’.
  • Watts, J. (2011) ‘China and the Temporary Staffing Industry’.
  • Watts, J. (2011) ‘European Temporary Staffing: The Changing Regulatory Landscape’.
  • Watts, J. (2010) ‘National Temporary Staffing Markets in Europe: Three Case Studies’.
  • Watts, J. (2010) ‘Varieties of Capitalism’.

Temporary Staffing Working Briefs available from: http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/geography/research/gotsu/


A series of short documents about a range of economic development issues for Coventry and Warwickshire Local Enterprise Partnership.

  • Ferreira, J. (2015) The Higher Education Landscape in CWLEP: Graduates and Destinations.
  • Ferreira, J. (2015) Economic Growth and Devolution: Considerations for CWLEP.
  • Ferreira, J. (2015) Delivering growth: where next for LEPs?
  • Ferreira, J. (2015) Cities Outlook 2015: Coventry and Birmingham.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Developing Resilient Local Economies: A new report from IPPR
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Reshoring Manufacturing and the economic opportunity.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Good Growth Through Cities
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Exploring GVA in Coventry and Warwickshire LEP.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Owning the Future.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) The Future of Local Enterprise Partnerships: The Small Business Perspective.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) The Economic Contribution of the Coventry and Warwickshire LEP: Exploring GVA.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) The Place of Coventry and Warwickshire LEP.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Building Economic Resilience? IPPR publishes report on LEP Strategic Economic Plans 2014.
  • Ferreira, J. (2014) Top Companies in Coventry and Warwickshire LEP 2013.

Local Enterprise Partnership Working Briefs available from: http://www.cwlep.com/intelligence/economy

Book Reviews


Ferreira, J. (2017) 'Book Review: Pakistan A New History' Journal of South Asian Development 11(3): 360-366.

Ferreira, J. (2015) ‘Book Review: The Social Atlas of Europe’, Town Planning Review 86(4):487.






Ferreira, J. (2016) ‘Book Review: Global Gentrifications’. Town Planning Review 87(4)  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2016.32


Ferreira, J. (2015) 'Book Review: The Social Atlas of Europe', Town Planning Review, 86(4): 487.


Ferreira, J. (2015) 'Book Review: Cafe Society' Urban Geography Research Group Book Review Series.




Watts, J. (2013) ‘The Institutional Context of Temporary Staffing: A European cross-national comparative approach’, Doctoral thesis, University of Manchester. Available via eScholar.


Since the early 1990s the temporary staffing industry experienced rapid growth in many areas of Europe, although the extent and rate of this growth varied across the continent. The existing literature on labour market intermediaries and the temporary staffing industry fail to adequately address the importance of national institutional arrangements. This thesis addresses the research lacuna by providing a comparative study of temporary staffing industries in three different political-economic contexts: the United Kingdom, Germany and the Czech Republic. This contributes to a greater understanding of the role of the temporary staffing industry in each country, how it is structured, and the key institutions involved.

These three case studies profile the size and characteristics of each temporary staffing industry but also discuss the key institutions present in each case, and the relationships which drive or restrict its change. This thesis includes analysis of both quantitative and qualitative data to provide a detailed picture of each national temporary staffing industry. The research reveals three nationally distinctive formations of the temporary staffing industry within the context of the European Union.

While the UK has the largest temporary staffing industry in Europe, it remains highly fragmented. With an established presence in many sectors of the labour market the industry seeks to increase its presence in professional occupations, and its collaboration with public employment services. While the temporary staffing industry in Germany has experienced significant growth since 2003, resistance remains from the trade unions against the use of temporary agency work, and the state remains greatly involved in determining working conditions. The presence of collective bargaining between the trade unions and trade associations remains a key relationship in this system. The temporary staffing industry in the Czech Republic is still in the early stages of growth and as such regulations are still being formulated, and agencies are still establishing branch networks in an environment where a large number of informal agencies are already present.

While temporary staffing agencies and trade associations remain active in pursuing growth for the temporary staffing industry, the extent to which these changes took place varied between countries. This thesis argues the form of each national temporary staffing industry is a reflection of the complex historical, and contemporary, national institutional arrangements, and as such, its form and role varies.

Watts, J. (2008) ‘Trends of Fertility in the UK: An Analysis’, MA Dissertation. University of Liverpool. Available upon request.






DeFerio, C. and Ferreira, J. (2018) Keys to the Shop: Episode 90 - Dr Jennifer Ferreira



Deferio, C. and Ferreira, J. (2018) Keys to the Shop: Episode 90 - Dr Jennifer Ferreira


Description of the podcast episode:

"While many of us can say that we are students of coffee and coffee shops, not many can say that we study it on an academic level the way or guest  Dr. Jennifer Ferreira does. In this discussion Dr. Ferreira talks about her research into coffee shops, their impact in society, and the things that she has learned along the way. We discuss the cafe’s place in society and its various roles, as well as its impact on the environment, the community, and the economy. We also discuss whether more is always better when it comes to the increasing number of specialty stores opening globally and what might be the next phase for the growth of the cafe industry. "

Ferreira, J. and Ryder, N. (2015) Viva Survivor: Dr Jennifer Ferreira

A podcast where I talk to Dr Nathan Ryder, creator of 'Viva Survivors' about the viva experience and where it has led me.