Ferreira, J. and Ferreira, C. (2018) From bean to cup and beyond: exploring ethical consumption and coffee shops. Journal of Consumer Ethics 2(2):33-47. Available at: https://journal.ethicalconsumer.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/JCE_2_2_Ferreira_Ferreira_34_47.pdf
The UK has developed a strong coffee shop culture, with a growing demand for coffee, increased consumption, and waste produced as a result. Discussions of ethical consumption of coffee have often focused on both the coffee supply chain and coffee consumption in general, rather than considering the cofee shop as the point where ethical chooices can be made. This paper illuminates some of the complexisites consumers face around ethical consumption in coffee shops. This is done by applying three lenses which help appreciate the choices consumers make: the business model of the coffee shops they choose (chains or independents); the ethical qualities of the actual coffee consumed; and the waste produced in the form of coffee cups and coffee grounds. The results demonstrate that consumers must naviage a plethora of knowns when faced with each of these choices. These unknowns hinder ethical decision-making, suggesting that responsibility for addressing the various ethical issues facing the industry cannot be left to consumers alone. This indicates a need for joined up approaches to ethical consumption in the coffee industry, in which the various stakeholder groups focus on what can be done in the space of the coffee shop.
Ferreira, J. and Ferreira, C. (2018) Challenges and opportunities of new retail horizons in emerging markets: The case of a rising coffee culture in China. Business Horizons. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2018.06.001
Economic growth and a rising middle class consumer base make emerging markets an attractive prospect for many international businesses. Changing patterns of retail in these countries present opportunities for business expansion that many are keen to capitalize on, but also present challenges for reaching their ambitions. This article examines the growth of the coffee shop industry in China—considering its key dynamics and drivers—in order to address questions about successful retail expansion in emerging markets. We aim to explore how changing consumer cultures have contributed to a rapidly growing industry and what strategies businesses have used to enter the market and maintain growth, as well as considerations for potential retail success in the future.
Ferreira, C. and Ferreira, J. (2018) Failure to Expand? Socio-Technical Practices and Moral Judgement in Markets for Biodiversity Offsets. New Political Economy DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2018.1501357
Markets have become an important form of governance in the neoliberal era. The ideology of markets as the most efficient form of organising
economic activity has led to the expansion of their usage, both in terms of what is governed by the market, but also in terms of the spaces in
which the practices of a given market apply. However, there have been important challenges to market expansion, particularly on political and
ethical grounds. This paper analyses how the socio-technical practices of market expansion can be affected by political contestation and individual moral judgements. This is analysed in the context of two markets for biodiversity offsets, in the United States and England. In both cases, regulators attempted to devise and standardise calculative mechanisms and socio-technical practices that promoted the use and expansion of the market. However, these socio-technical market practices have struggled to cross and negotiate uneven political and social spaces, being subject to moral judgements and political contestation. The paper demonstrates how the socio-technical practices of market expansion are affected by social entanglements, highlighting how this creates limits to the expansion of the market as a form of governance.
Ferreira, J. (2018) Fostering sustainable behaviour in retail: Looking beyond the coffee cup. Social Business 8(1):21-28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1362/204440818X15208755029519
Rapid growth in consumption of goods and resources has implications for environmental sustainability. Businesses have an important role in fostering sustainable behaviour and driving innovations in sustainability in different industries, including retail. The paper begins by exploring the importance of integrating sustainable behaviour in business and introduces some of the stakeholders involved. This is followed by an exploration of developments in the coffee shop industry and implications for sustainable behaviour, focusing on the examples of recyclable coffee cups, coffee shop building design and waste coffee grounds. Finally, a research agenda is introduced which considers pathways for investigating the role of different actors in fostering sustainable behaviour and the importance of place.
Ferreira, C. and Ferreira, J. (2018) Political markets? Politics and economics in the emergence of markets for biodiversity offsets. Review of Social Economy. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00346764.2018.1463445
This paper analyses the relationship between politics and performativity of economics in the emergence of markets for biodiversity offsets. While the role of economics in constructing markets has been demonstrated by sociology and social studies of science, it has also become apparent that politics plays an important role in the material outcome of economic experiments. Two case studies of the creation of markets for biodiversity offsets are analysed, in the United States and England. The findings suggest that the creation of both markets is rooted in the language, concepts and models of economics. Politics, on the other hand, functions as a mediator of the material expression of those models. Through this mediation effect, similar economic models are performed differently, resulting in a variety of markets. This suggests that the material outcomes of processes of market creation are not defined at the outset, but can be influenced by political processes.
Ferreira, J . (2018) Facilitating the transition: doing more than bridging the gap between school and university geography, Journal of Geography in Higher Education DOI: 10.1080/03098265.2018.1437397
This paper explores issues, perceptions, and experiences related
to the transition from studying geography at school to university.
The findings seek to highlight that there are a range of stakeholders
that can be engaged in this transition process, as well as a range
of strategies for doing so. The transition from school to university
geography has a number of implications for both students and
educators, and this paper seeks to discuss reinvigorate discussions
around transitions in the geographical community.
Duberley, J., Carrigan, M., Ferreira, J. and Bosangit, C. (2017) 'Diamonds are a girl’s best friend …? Examining gender and careers in the jewellery industry', Organization 24(3) 355-376 DOI: 10.1177/1350508416687767
Using Acker’s concept of ‘inequality regimes’, this article examines the practices and processes of gender inequality in the Birmingham Jewellery Quarter, highlighting the complex and subtle nature of discrimination sometimes at play and the strategies used by those who progress within this context. The project involved in-depth interviews during which participants recounted their career stories. Our research study examines the ways in which men and women in the Birmingham Jewellery Quarter account for their careers in order to examine the underlying gender regimes that influence the everyday practices of workers in this context. Our findings suggest that contrary to contemporary images of the creative industries, jewellery making remains deeply traditional with structures and processes that both overtly and covertly disadvantage women workers. Empirically, this article enhances our understanding of the way that this creative cluster operates and examines how that disadvantages particular groups of workers. Theoretically, this article
contributes to our knowledge of the use of the concept of gender regimes at a cluster level.
Henry, N., Pollard, J. Sissons, P., Ferreira, J. and Coombes, M. (2017) 'Banking on exclusion: Data disclosure and geographies of UK personal lending market'. Environment and Planning A DOI: 10.1177/0308518X17713992
In 2013, the UK Government announced that seven of the nation’s largest banks had agreed to publish their lending data at the local level across Great Britain. The release of such area based lending data has been welcomed by advocacy groups and policy makers keen to better understand and remedy geographies of financial exclusion. This paper makes three contributions to debates about financial exclusion. First, it provides the first exploratory spatial analysis of the personal lending data made available; it scrutinises the parameters and robustness of the dataset and evaluates the extent to which the data increase transparency in UK personal lending markets. Second, it uses the data to provide a geographical overview of patterns of personal lending across
Great Britain. Third, it uses this analysis to revisit the analytical and political limitations of ‘open data’ in addressing the relationship between access to finance and economic marginalisation. Although a binary policy imaginary of ‘inclusion-exclusion’ has historically driven advocacy for data disclosure, recent literatures on financial exclusion generate the need for more complex and variegated understandings of economic marginalisation. The paper questions the relationship between transparency and data disclosure, the policy push for financial inclusion, and patterns of indebtedness and economic marginalisation in a world where ‘fringe finance’ has become mainstream. Drawing on these literatures, this analysis suggests that data disclosure, and the transparency it affords, is a necessary but not sufficient tool in understanding the distributional implications of variegated access to credit.
Ferreira, J. (2016) 'Cafe nation: exploring the growth of the UK cafe industry'. Area 48(1): 69-76 DOI: 10.1111/area.12285
The UK café industry has experienced significant growth over the last decade. With over 18 800 outlets, and a turnover of £7.2 billion recorded in 2014, the industry represents an important component of the retail sector. Industry commentators forecast that the industry will continue to grow and that there will be 27 000 outlets by 2020. This article provides an overview of the UK café industry and highlights the key drivers of it's rapid growth. It explores the ways that a new economic geography is quietly made as the café industry refashions our high streets. The article culminates by presenting an illustrative typology of café types which comprise the café industry in the UK, highlighting the need for greater research into the landscape of the café industry as it develops, and the roles that café spaces play in different communities.
Ferreira, J. (2016) 'The German temporary staffing industry: growth, development, scandal and resistance', Industrial Relations Review 47(2):117-143. DOI: 10.1111/irj.12133
In Germany the size of the temporary agency workforce has almost doubled between 2002 and 2012 prompted by deregulation and expansion of temporary staffing agency networks. This article examines the growth of the temporary staffing industry in Germany revealing important milestones in the regulatory framework transformation. The article then explores the role of key actors in the development of temporary staffing industry in the Germany labour market, in particular the shifting positions of trade unions in relation to temporary agency work, as well as intervention from the state with re-regulation in order to mitigate for exploitative affecting temporary agency workers. The findings highlight that while the growth of the German temporary staffing industry has been substantial, and that the state has been an active agent, it has not been without its controversies and challenges, and that features of the industry remain potential barriers for its future development.
Ferreira, J. (2016) 'Considering national varitieties in the temporary staffing industry and institutional change', European Urban and Regional Studies. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776416651663
The temporary staffing industry has experienced significant growth in recent decades across many countries and sectors. The particular characteristics of the temporary staffing industry are influenced by the national institutional context in which they are embedded. This article presents empirical findings to investigate the concept of a national temporary staffing industry using two case studies, the UK and Germany. Through analysis of two national markets for temporary staffing, the article discusses the importance of investigating the wider institutional environment in which an industry is embedded, the interactions and interdependencies between the actors involved, and the relationships and activities through which an industry is co-created and constituted. Theoretically, this article seeks to stress the importance of considering how institutional systems change, rather than focusing on characteristics used to categorise socio-economic systems. Empirically, this article reveals the features and developments of two national temporary staffing industries within Europe. This advances of our understanding of changes in the temporary staffing industry in two European settings, and also highlights the importance of considering geographically specific national varieties of economic systems as dynamic institutional ecologies.
Ferreira, J. (2016) ‘Emergence, Development and Resistance: The Temporary Staffing Industry in the Czech Republic’, Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe. DOI:10.1080/0965156X.2016.1219160
Temporary agency work (TAW) in the Czech Republic has grown significantly since legalisation of the sector in 2004. With around 200,000 temporary agency workers, and 1500 temporary staffing agencies by 2013, the Czech Republic represents the second largest market for TAW in Central Eastern Europe, behind only Poland. This paper charts the development of the temporary staffing industry (TSI) in the Czech Republic, and examines the roles of key institutions involved. The research utilises interviews to map key stakeholders across the industry to illustrate how the expansion of the industry has been both facilitated and hindered by activities of different stakeholders to form a distinct Czech variety of national TSI. In doing so this paper provides insights into the features of the TSI in the Czech Republic and the factors which are both driving its development and hindering its growth. The key findings in this paper illuminate a conflict in the Czech TSI where agencies have sought to expand but face resistance from regulatory conditions and trade unions which may in turn hinder its future development.
Ferreira, J. (2015) ‘EU Expansion and the changing dynamics of EU migration to the UK’, Geography Review.
The expansion of the European Union and the freedom to move, live and work within its borders has led to a changing pattern of migration to the UK. This article explores these patterns over the last two decades, focusing on the issues related to Eastern European migration. As a key social, political and economic issue, migrationis an A Level, IB and Pre-U topic.